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The Good Soldier Švejk

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Franz Ferdinand and Sophie leave the Sarajevo Town Hall, five minutes before the assassination, 28 June 1914.

The Fateful Adventures of the Good Soldier Švejk is a novel with an unusually rich array of characters. In addition to the many who directly form part of the plot, a large number of fictive and real people (and animals) are mentioned; either through Švejk's anecdotes, the narrative or indirectly through words and expressions.

This web page contains short write-ups on the persons the novel refers to; from Napoléon in the introduction to captain Ságner in the last few lines of the unfinished Book Four. The list is sorted in to the order of which the names first appear. The chapter headlines are from Zenny K. Sadlon's recent translation and will in most cases differ from Cecil Parrott's version from 1973. In January 2014 there were still around twenty entries to be added.

  • The quotes in Czech are copied from the on-line version of the novel provided by Jaroslav Šerák and contain links to the relevant chapter
  • The tool-bar has links for direct access to Wikipedia, Google search and Švejk on-line

The names are colored according to their role in the novel, illustrated by the following examples: Doctor Grünstein who is directly involved in the plot, Heinrich Heine as a historical person, and Ferdinand Kokoška as an invented person. Note that a number of seemingly fictive characters are modelled after very real living persons. See for instance Lukáš and Wenzl.

>> The Good Soldier Švejk index of people mentioned in the novel (584) Show all
>> I. In the rear
>> II. At the front
>> III. The famous thrashing
Index Back Forward II. At the front Hovudpersonen

2. Švejk's budějovická anabasis

Xenophonnn flag
*430 BC Athen - †355 BC ?
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Xenophon is mentioned by the author when he introduces the reader to the term "anabasis". Xenophon exemplified the anabasis by travelling around anywhere without a map.

Background

Xenophon was a Greek commander, author and historian. He was particulalrly known for his historical descriptions of ancient Greece, his writings on Socrates, and for the first eyewitness account of a battle in ancient times. Xenophon's language is clear and concise, and has set standards on writing style. The book "Anabasis" describes the Greek mercenaries treacherous road back home though Asia Minor after a failed mission against the King of Persia. It is a seven-volume work and is considered Xenophon's best.

The theme Xenophon and his Anabasis was evidently well known to Jaroslav Hašek. In Letters from the front, Čechoslovan 9.10 (26.9) 1916, his name also appears, one of many testimonies to the author's interest in ancient Greece. It is also one of many examples in Švejk of reuse of fragments from Hašek's earlier writing.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Starověký válečník Xenofon prošel celou Malou Asii a byl bůhvíkde bez mapy. Staří Gotové dělali své výpravy také bez topografické znalosti. Mašírovat pořád kupředu, tomu se říká anabase. Prodírat se neznámými krajinami. Být obklíčeným nepřáteli, kteří číhají na nejbližší příležitost, aby ti zakroutili krk.
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Also written:Xenofón cz Xenophon de

Julius Caesarnn flag
*13.7.100 BC ? Roma - †15.3.44 BC Roma
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Julius Caesar is mentioned by the author when he introduces the reader to the term "anabasis". Caesars legions got all the way to the Gallic Sea without maps. Caesar is also mentioned on one of the last pages of the novel.

Background

Julius Caesar was a roman commander, politician and author. He had become most potent citizen of the empire when he was murdered by senator Brutus in 44 BC. At that time he held the title "dictator in perpeteo". During his reign he undertook extensive reforms, centralising the administration. The area of the empire was greatly extended, including Britannia.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Tam někde na severu u Galského moře, kam až se také dostaly římské legie Caesarovy bez mapy, řekly si jednou, že se zas vrátí a pomašírujou jinou cestou, aby ještě víc toho užily, do Říma. A dostaly se tam také. Od té doby se říká patrně, že všechny cesty vedou do Říma.
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Also written:Julius Caesar cz Julius Cäsar de Gaius Iulius Caesar la

Mašků, Toníčeknn flag
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Mašků had ran away from the "Landwehr" but was caught soon after. He was the husband of a niese of the old lady who helped Švejk by Vráž. The latest news was that he had lost a leg at the front.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „U nás byl taky jeden takovej nezbeda. Ten měl ject do Plzně k landvér, nějakej Toníček Mašků,“ povzdechla si babička, „von je vod mojí neteře příbuznej, a vodjel. A za tejden už ho hledali četníci, že nepřijel ku svýmu regimentu. A ještě za tejden se vobjevil u nás v civilu, že prej je puštěnej domů na urláb. Tak šel starosta na četnictvo, a voni ho z toho urlábu vyzdvihli. Už psal z fronty, že je raněnej, že má nohu pryč.“
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Melicháreknn flag
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Melichárek was a farmer and brother of the old woman from Vráž. He lived in Radomyšl in Dolejší ulice. He was very suspicious of Švejk who he assumed had defected from the army.

Background

is supposed to have been Václav Melichar and lived in Dolejší ulice, just as the author writes. According to his descendants, Hašek was in Radomyšl in 1915 and Melichár's wife is said to have made him bramborovka. The mystery is how Hašek got this far from Budějovice without being noticed (60 km).

Source: Ivana Šibková

Quote from the novel
[2.2] V Radomyšli Švejk našel k večeru na Dolejší ulici za Floriánkem pantátu Melichárka. Když vyřídil mu pozdrav od jeho sestry ze Vráže, nijak to na pantátu neúčinkovalo. Chtěl neustále na Švejkovi papíry. Byl to nějaký předpojatý člověk, poněvadž mluvil neustále něco o raubířích, syčácích a zlodějích, kterých se síla potlouká po celém píseckém kraji.
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Herrmannnn flag
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Herrmann was a Jew in Vodňany who bought military euipment that he sold on to the army. In the opinion of the tramp at Švarcenberský ovčín, he would also buy Švejk's uniform.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „Tak ten si nech. V tom se na venkově chodí. Potřebuješ kalhoty a kabát. Až budeme mít ten civil, tak kalhoty a kabát prodáme židovi Herrmanovi ve Vodňanech. Ten kupuje všechno erární a zas to prodává po vesnicích.
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Jarešnn flag
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Jareš was a pond warden from Ražice whose grandfather was executed for desertion during the Napoleonic Wars. This is according to a story by the old shepherd at the Švarcenberský ovčín.

Background

(Antonín) was the author's grandfather. See Jareš.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Z Ražic za Protivínem syn Jarešův, dědeček starýho Jareše, baštýře, dostal za zběhnutí prach a volovo v Písku. A před tím, než ho stříleli na píseckých šancích, běžel ulicí vojáků a dostal 600 ran holema, takže smrt byla pro něho vodlehčením a vykoupením.
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Jarešnn flag
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Jareš was the grandfather of the pond warden from Ražice, and was executed as a deserter during the Napoleonic wars. This is revealed during the conversation at Švarcenberský ovčín.

Background

(Antonín) was the author's grandfather. See Jareš.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Z Ražic za Protivínem syn Jarešův, dědeček starýho Jareše, baštýře, dostal za zběhnutí prach a volovo v Písku. A před tím, než ho stříleli na píseckých šancích, běžel ulicí vojáků a dostal 600 ran holema, takže smrt byla pro něho vodlehčením a vykoupením.
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Fürst Schwarzenberg, Johann Nepomuknn flag
*29.5.1860 Wien - †1.10.1938 Wien
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Schwarzenberg is mentioned by the old shepherd in Švarcenberský ovčín. He tells us that at least the old Schwarzenberg moved around in an ordinary carriage but nowadays the young prince drives around in an automobile, and that the Good Lord will rub his snout in petrol one day.

Background

Schwarzenberg is probably the person referred to as old prince Schwarzenberg. He was head of the Krummau barnch of the Schwarzenbergs who owned large properties in Bohemia until 1918. He was the 9th prince of Schwarzenberg and 7th duke of Krummau (Krumlov).

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Dyť vona i ta naše vrchnost už roupama nevěděla co dělat.Starej pán kníže Švarcenberg, ten jezdil jen v takovým kočáře, a ten mladej knížecí smrkáč smrdí samým automobilem. Von mu pánbůh taky ten benzin vomaže vo hubu.“
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Fürst Schwarzenberg, Adolf Johannnn flag
*18.8.1890 Hluboká nad Vltavou - †27.2.1950 Bordighera
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Schwarzenberg is mentioned by the old shepherd in Švarcenberský ovčín. He tells us that at least the old Schwarzenberg moved around in an ordinary carriage but nowadays the young prince drives around in an automobile.

Background

Schwarzenberg is probably the person referred to as the young prince Schwarzenberg. He was the 10th prince of Schwarzenberg and 8th duke of Krummau (Krumlov). The family estate was first confiscated by the Nazi's in 1938 and in 1945 he was expelled on background of the Beneš-decrees.

Another possible candidate is Karl V. Schwarzenberg from the Orlík branch of the family. He died near the Serbian front in 1914. In that case the old Schwarzenberg was Karl IV who passed away the year before.

Links

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Dyť vona i ta naše vrchnost už roupama nevěděla co dělat.Starej pán kníže Švarcenberg, ten jezdil jen v takovým kočáře, a ten mladej knížecí smrkáč smrdí samým automobilem. Von mu pánbůh taky ten benzin vomaže vo hubu.“
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Kořínek was arrested for sedition in Skočice after saying that after the war one would get rid of Emperors, and that the nobility would have their estates confiscated. This is what the tramp told Švejk and the old shepherd in the Schwarzenberg speep-pen.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „Na to se mu, hochu, teď každej vykašle,“ rozdrážděně promluvil ovčák, „máš bejt při tom, když se sejdou sousedi dole ve Skočicích. Každej tam má někoho, a to bys viděl, jak ti mluvějí. Po tejhle válce že prej bude svoboda, nebude ani panskejch dvorů, ani císařů a knížecí statky že se vodeberou. Už taky kvůli takovej jednej řeči vodvedli četníci nějakýho Kořínka, že prej jako pobuřuje. Jó, dneska mají právo četníci.“
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flanderka.jpg

Flanderka guarding Švejk

Flanderka was head of the gendarmerie in Putim and suspected Švejk of being a Russian spy. He considered himself a master of interrogation techniques and it soon became clear to him that Švejk was indeed a spy. The more he tanked up, the clearer it all became. He and his deputy also made complete arses of themselves with extremely seditious talk when they had had a drop too much. Austria was going to loose the war, a Russian prince would become King of Bohemia and Emperor Franz Joseph I, was shitting all over Schönbrunn. The petrified old servant Pejzlerka who had witnessed it all, had to swear never to tell a living soul what she had heard.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Četnickému strážmistrovi Flanderkovi se situace, čím déle psal tou podivnou úřední němčinou, vyjasňovala, a když skončil: „So melde ich gehorsam, wird der feindliche Offizier heutigen Tages, nach Bezirksgendarmeriekommando Písek, überliefert,“ usmál se na své dílo a zavolal na četnického závodčího. „Dali tomu nepřátelskému důstojníkovi něco jíst?“
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Oberleutnant Bergernn flag
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Berger was a duty-conscious obrlajtnant from the artillery who according to Národní politika had established an observation post in a tree, and hid there for two weeks to avoid captivity. When his own troops returned he fell down and killed himself. The story is told by Flanderka at Putim gendarmerie station.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] To jsou, pane závodčí, povahy. K tomu je třeba ocelových nervů u takového člověka, sebezapírání, tvrdosti a nadšení. Kdyby bylo v Rakousku takové nadšení... ale nechme toho raději. I u nás jsou nadšenci. Četli v ,Národní politice’ o tom obrlajtnantovi Bergrovi od dělostřelectva, který si vylezl na vysokou jedli a zřídil si tam na větví beobachtungspunkt?
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Strážmistr Bürgernn flag
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Bürger was Flanderka's predecessor as head of the gendarmerie in Putim. He never interrogated anyone, just sent them on to Písek.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Vzpomněl si na svého předchůdce strážmistra Bürgera, který se zadrženým vůbec nemluvil, na nic se ho netázal a hned ho poslal k okresnímu soudu s krátkým raportem: „Dle udání závodčího byl zadržen pro potulku a žebrotu.“ Je to nějaký výslech?
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Pepík Vyskočnn flag
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vyskoc.jpg

Flanderka instructs Pepík Vyskoč

vyskoc2.jpg

K.L. Kukla, "Konec bahna Prahy", 1927, s.312

vyskoc.png

Polední list, 19.4.1936

Pepík Vyskoč was a village idiot who Flanderka tried to hire as an informer. He was told to report anyone who said the Emperor was a piece of cattle. Pepík took this literally, he told others that Sergeant Flanderka had said that the Emperor was cattle and that the thing couldn't be won. He was arrested and sentenced to twelve years by the military court in Prague. He got the nick-name because he bleated like a goat and jumped in the air when someone talked to him.

Background

This is a character that almost certainly was inspired Václav Kompert (or Kompich?), also known as Venca Vyskoč. Firm evidence is provided by Sergey Soloukh (2015) who points to him as a curious character from Prague with some striking similarities with the character from the novel. "Venca" even frequented U Fleků, a tavern the author knew very well. Vyskoč is mentioned in several books that have been published over the past 30 years, and the information is more or less the same. In the book Jak se bavila Praha (2009) the authors Miloš Heyduk and Karel Sýs state directly (p. 137) that Venca was the model for Pepík.

When "Venca" died on 18 September 1926 at the age of 65, several national newspaper printed the news. Lidové noviny even provided a more detailed obituary. Václav Kompert was a former waiter who had some bad luck in life that affected him mentally. He started to walk around pubs and café's, bleated and jumping at the tables and collected money for his spectacle. He became a well-known but tragic characters in the streets of Prague. His main area of operation was around Václavské náměstí. The description in this obituary is so close to Jaroslav Hašek's own that there is not even the slightest doubt where the inspiration for the name, the jumping and the bleating came from.

Augustín Knesl also made a note on the connection between "Venca Vyskoč" and Pepík Vyskoč in his serial in Večerní Praha (1983), and refers to an article by Karel Ladislav Kukla in České Slovo from 1924.

A dubious link to Lipnice

Far less credible is Vladimír Stejskal (1953) and his claim that the inspiration was a character from the area around Lipnice nad Sázavou. The evidence is weak: not much more than pure hearsay.

Links

Source: Sergey Soloukh, Karel Ladislav Kukla, Augustín Knesl

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Toho si dal zavolat a řekl k němu: „Víš, Pepku, kdo to je starej Procházka?“ „Méé.“„Nemeč, a pamatuj si, že tak říkají císaři pánu. Víš, kdo je to císař pán?“ „To je číšaš pán.“ „Dobře, Pepku. Tak si pamatuj, že když někoho uslyšíš mluvit, když chodíš po obědech od domu k domu, že je císař pán dobytek nebo podobně, hned přijď ke mně a oznam mně to.
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Also written:Pepek Vyskoč Parrott Pepku Hopp Reiner Joey Jump Sadlon

Starej Procházkann flag
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Starej Procházka is mentioned by Flanderka when he recruits Pepík Vyskoč.

Background

Starej Procházka was a Czech nickname for emperor Franz Joseph I. In 1901 he visited Prague and a picture of him appeared walking on Most císaře Františka I., now Most Legii. The picture had the title Procházka na mostě, and was from the opening of the bridge on 14 June. "Procházka" is a common Czech surname which rougly means "walk" (noun) or "walkabout".

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Toho si dal zavolat a řekl k němu: „Víš, Pepku, kdo to je starej Procházka?“ „Méé.“„Nemeč, a pamatuj si, že tak říkají císaři pánu. Víš, kdo je to císař pán?“
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Also written:Old Procházka English Alte Prochazka Reiner

Četník Rampann flag
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Rampa was a gendarm (četnik) in Putim who was on inspection-duty of the neighbouring villages when Švejk was there, but was right now playing cards in U černého koně in Protivín.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Strážmistr zůstal sedět na strážnici vedle Švejka na kavalci prázdné postele četníka Rampy, který měl do rána službu, obchůzku po vesnicích, a který v tu dobu klidně seděl „U černého koně“ v Protivíně a hrál s obuvnickými mistry mariáš, vykládaje v přestávkách, že to Rakousko musí vyhrát.
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Pejzlerkann flag
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Pejzlerka was an old woman who served at the police station in Putim. She went back and forth to Na Kocourku bringing beer. Unfortunately she overheard the politically suspect conversation between the drunk gendarmes and had to swear to the cross not to say a word.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] A bába Pejzlerka, která jim posluhovala, se opravdu proběhla. Po večeři se cesta mezi četnickou stanicí a hospodou „Na Kocourku“ netrhla. Neobyčejně četné stopy těžkých velkých bot báby Pejzlerky na té spojovací linii svědčily o tom, že strážmistr si vynahražuje plnou měrou svou nepřítomnost „Na Kocourku“.
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Nicholas Nikolaevichnn flag
*18.11.1856 St.Petersburg - †5.1.1929 Antibes
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Nicholas Nikolaevich is mentioned when it is revealed what unpatriotic views were uttered during the drinking bout at the gendarmerie station. Nicholas Nikolaevich would soon be in Přerov, Flanderka is reported to have said.

Background

Nicholas Nikolaevich was Russian commander in chief from the outbreak of war until August 1915 when his cousin czar Nicholas II personally took charge. This was a result of the setbacks suffered during the summer of 1915 when Russia was forced out of Poland and Galicia.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Nakláněje se k uchu strážmistra, šeptal: „Že jsme všichni Češi a Rusové jedna slovanská krev, že Nikolaj Nikolajevič bude příští týden v Přerově, že se Rakousko neudrží, aby jen, až bude dál vyšetřován, zapíral a pletl páté přes deváté, aby to vydržel do té doby, dokud ho kozáci nevysvobodí, že už to musí co nejdřív prasknout, že to bude jako za husitských válek, že sedláci půjdou s cepy na Vídeň, že je císař pán nemocný dědek a že co nejdřív natáhne brka, že je císař Vilém zvíře, že mu budete do vězení posílat peníze na přilepšenou a ještě víc takových řečí...“
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Also written:Nikolaj Nikolajevič cz Nikolai Nikolajewitsch de Николай Николаевич ru

Chaurann flag
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Chaura was a butcher from Kobylisy, part of a story Švejk tells his guard on the way from Putim to Písek.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „To byl bych si nikdy nemyslil,“ vykládal Švejk, „že taková cesta do Budějovic je spojena s takovejma vobtížema. To mně připadá jako ten případ s řezníkem Chaurou z Kobylis. Ten se jednou v noci dostal na Moráň k Palackýho pomníku a chodil až do rána kolem dokola, poněvadž mu to připadalo, že ta zeď nemá konce.
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Palacký, Františeknn flag
*14.6.1798 Hodslavice - †26.5.1876 Praha
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Palacký is mentioned by Švejk in the story about the butcher Chaura who walked round the Palacký-monument at Moráň the whole night. In Book Three in Budapest he is quoted by Dub as follows: if there weren’t Austria we’d have to create it.

Background

Palacký was a Czech historian and politician who played a pivotal role in the Czech National Revival. He was also called otec národa, the father of the nation. He was loyal to the Empire although he became more radical after the Austro-Hungarian Ausgleich in 1867. Most Czechs resented that the Hungarians got a special status within the Empire, and these feelings were aggravated as Franz Joseph I didn't want to be crowned King of Bohemia.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „To byl bych si nikdy nemyslil,“ vykládal Švejk, „že taková cesta do Budějovic je spojena s takovejma vobtížema. To mně připadá jako ten případ s řezníkem Chaurou z Kobylis. Ten se jednou v noci dostal na Moráň k Palackýho pomníku a chodil až do rána kolem dokola, poněvadž mu to připadalo, že ta zeď nemá konce.
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König was Station Commander (rytmistr) at Bezirksgendarmeriekommando in Písek, and very diligent, an outstanding bureaucrat. “If we want to win the war,” he said, “an ‘a’ must be an ‘a’, a ‘b’ a ‘b’, and everywhere there has to be a dot over the ‘i’.” He received Švejk and correctly sent him south to join his regiment which he for many days had looked for in vain.

Background

is surely an invented person. The position in question was held by none other than Theodor Rotter, throughout the whole war.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] A opravdu bylo to hrozné, když strážmistr poslal pro velitele stanice, rytmistra Königa. První slovo rytmistrovo bylo: „Dýchněte na mne.“ „Teď to chápu,“ řekl rytmistr, zjistiv nesporně situaci svým bystrým, zkušeným čichem, „rum, kontušovka, čert, jeřabinka, ořechovka, višňovka a vanilková. Pane strážmistr,“ obrátil se na svého podřízeného, „zde vidíte příklad, jak nemá četník vypadat. Takhle si počínat je takový přečin, že o tom bude rozhodovat vojenský soud. Svázat se s delikventem želízky. Přijít ožralý, total besoffen. Přilézt sem jako zvíře! Sundejte jim to!“
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Matějka was master sergeant at Bezirksgendarmeriekommando in Písek. He was keen on getting off for a game of "Schnaps" down by the Otava but König held him back, and thought to himself that the police chief could kiss his arse with all these reports.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Rytmistr studoval „bericht“ četnického strážmistra z Putimě o Švejkovi. Před ním stál jeho četnický strážmistr Matějka a myslel si, aby mu rytmistr vlezl na záda i se všemi berichty, poněvadž dole u Otavy čekají na něho s partií „šnopsa“.
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Herculesnn flag
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hercules.jpg

Hercules at work

Hercules is mentioned by rytmistr König when Švejk tells him about his efforts to join his regiment. The term is: "a Herculian job".

Background

Hercules was a Greek demigod, son of Zeus, known for his strength. There were twelwe of the tasks mentioned in the novel, each and one of them quite a challenge.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „To byla herkulovská práce,“ řekl konečně, když se zalíbením naslouchal Švejkovu líčení, jak ho to mrzí, že se nemohl tak dlouho dostat k pluku, „na vás musela být mohutná podívaná, když jste se kroutil kolem Putimi.“
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Also written:Héraklés cz Hercules la

Hostinský Rampann flag
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Rampa was a pubowner in Královské Vinohrady, mentioned by Švejk when he tells rytmistr König at Bezirksgendarmeriekommando Písek that there would have been no point in telling vachmajstr Flanderka in Putim his name or what regiment he belonged to.

Background

Rampa (Josef) actually owned a pub in Královské Vinohrady as the address bok from 1910 here shows.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „Proč jste v Putimi neupozornil, že se jedná o omyl?“ „Poněvadž jsem viděl, že je to marný, s ním mluvit. To už říkal starej hostinskej Rampa na Vinohradech, když mu chtěl někdo zůstat dlužen, že přijde někdy na člověka takovej moment, že je ke všemu hluchej jako pařez.“
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Fähnrich Koťátkonn flag
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Koťátko was an ensign in IR91 who witnessed Švejk's appearance at the barracks in Budějovice, and watched Lukáš passing out as a result of seeing his servant again. Later he related about the incident, for instance that Švejk saluted during the whole sequence.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] U celé té scény byl praporčík Koťátko, který později vypravoval, že po tom hlášení Švejkově nadporučík Lukáš vyskočil, chytil se za hlavu a upadl naznak na Koťátko, a že když ho vzkřísili, Švejk, který po celou tu dobu vzdával čest, opakoval: „Poslušně hlásím, pane obrlajtnant, že jsem opět zde!“
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Einjährigfreiwilliger Materna, Františeknn flag
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Materna was a one-year volunteer and an acquaintance of Marek. The latter mistook Materna for an artillery officer, knocked his cap off as a friendly gest, but this was a costly mistake. He was now sharing a cell with Švejk.

Background

Materna was the real life owner of U Valšů (address book from 1910) and hence a person Jaroslav Hašek surely knew well, and might have served as as inspiration.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Stalo se to tak, že ten poručík od dělostřelectva stál v noci pod podloubím a patrně čekal na nějakou prostitutku. Byl obrácen k němu zády a jednoročnímu dobrovolníkovi připadal, jako by to byl jeho jeden známý jednoročák, Materna František.
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Antonnn flag
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Anton was the artillery officer Marek mistook for František Materna.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Může být,“ připouštěl jednoroční dobrovolník, „že při té tahanici padlo pár pohlavků, ale to myslím nic na věci nemění, poněvadž je to vyložený omyl. On sám přiznává, že jsem řekl: ,Servus, Franci’ a jeho křestní jméno je Anton. To je úplně jasné. Mně snad může škodit jenom to, že jsem utekl z nemocnice, a jestli to praskne s tím ,krankenbuchem’...
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Doktor Masáknn flag
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Masák was a doktor from Žižkov, brother-in-law of Marek who helped him prolong his stay in the military hospital in České Budějovice.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Do Budějovic byl přeložen můj pošvagřenec Dr Masák ze Žižkova a tomu mohu děkovat, že jsem se tak dlouho v nemocnici udržel. Byl by to se mnou dotáhl až k supravisitě, když jsem to ale tak zkazil s tím nešťastným ,krankenbuchem’!
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Icarusnn flag
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Icarus is mentioned ny Marek when relating about his misadventures and that "Pride preceedes the fall".

Background

Icarus is a character in Greek mythology. He is the son of Daedalus and is commonly known for his attempt to escape Crete by flight. He stuck wings to his body by wax, was warned not to fly too close to the soon, ignored this advice with the result that the wax melted and he fell in the sea and drowned.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Pýcha předchází pád. Všechna sláva polní tráva. Ikarus si spálil křídla. Člověk by chtěl být gigantem - a je hovno, kamaráde.
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Also written:Ikaros cz

Oberst Schrödernn flag
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Schröder was colonel and commander of IR91 Ersatzbattailon in Budějovice and Bruck an der Leitha and plays a prominent role in the four chapters where the action takes place in those places. He is described as a bully and a swine but the author later assigns him a partial sense of justice. His incompetence is never in doubt, a distinction he shares with most officers in K.u.k. Heer.

Parts of the information about Schröder comes from Marek's telling Švejk about the situation the regiment in the prison cell in Budějovice.

In [2.4], during the investigation into the letter scandal in Királyhida Schröder is more kindly treated by the author: although a swine still, it becomes clear that he defends his own men, even the Czechs. He clearly doesn't like Hungarians and it is evident that he has previously served in Hungary, and Eger is specifically mentioned.

Background

The identity of Schröder has long been unclear, but he was according to Bohumil Vlček commander of IR91 Ersatzbattailon in Budějovice and then for a short period in Bruck an der Leitha. This fits well with the novel, but it still appears that Vlček mixes up names: the colonel who was in charge of replacement battalion at the time was named Schlager. For more extensive information, see Karl Schlager.

Source: Bohumil Vlček, VHA, ÖSTA

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Obrst Schröder přijel na mne přímo na koni a div mne nepovalil na zem. ,Donnerwetter,’ zařval, až to bylo slyšet jistě na Šumavě, ,was machen Sie hier, Sie Zivilist?’ Odpověděl jsem mu slušně, že jsem jednoroční dobrovolník a že se zúčastňuji cvičení.
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Einjährigfreiwilliger Wohltatnn flag
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Wohltat was a one-year volunteer, later corporal, who Schröder, bellowing at Marek, informed him was a prime examples of military heroic deeds, as opposed to Marek himself. Wohltat was promoted again, five minutes after having been torn apart by a grenade.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Jednoroční dobrovolník Wohltat, byv po odbyté zkoušce povýšen na kaprála, dobrovolně přihlásil se na frontu a zajal 15 nepřátel a při odevzdávání jich byl roztržen granátem. Za pět minut došel pak rozkaz, že jednoroční dobrovolník Wohltat je povýšen na kadeta.
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Saint Agnesnn flag
*20.1.1211 Praha - †6.3.1282 Praha
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Saint Agnes was used ironically by Marek when he addressed the guard contemptuously as "Saint Agnes of the 91st Regiment".

Background

Saint Agnes was a daughter of king Otakar I of Bohemia, but renounced a life in the circles of power and dedicated herself to religion and caring for the ill.

NB! There are several other Saint Agnes around, and it is not stated directly that this is the person in question.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Aniž by vstal ze slamníku, oslovil jednoroční dobrovolník profousa touto řečí: „Jak jest to vznešené a krásné, vězně navštěvovati, svatá Anežko 91. regimentu! Buď vítán, anděli dobročinnosti, jehož srdce jest naplněno soucitem. J
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Also written:Svatá Anežka cz Heilige Agnes de

Pushkin, Alexandrnn flag
*6.6.1799 Moskva - †10.2.1837 Sankt Petersburg
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Pushkin is mentioned by Marek who compares the monarchy to Pushkin's uncle who has as good as become a carcass.

Background

Pushkin was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „Milý příteli,“ vykládal dál, „pozorujeme-li to všechno v měřítku naší milé monarchie, dospíváme neodvolatelně k tomu závěru, že je to s ní právě tak jako se strýcem Puškina, o kterém ten napsal, že nezbývá jen, poněvadž strýc je chcíplotina,
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Also written:Puškin cz Puschkin de

Kočí, Bedřichnn flag
*2.3.1869 Mladá Boleslav - †17.1.1955 Praha
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Kočí published the book Sources of economic prosperity which Marek refers to when describing the language the lower-rank officers use. This consists mainly of names of animals.

Background

Kočí was a Czech publisher, book trader and author. He often used pseudonyms. Today he is best known for theosophical writing and his work on mental health. The book that Marek mentions was published in 1906 and has 910 pages. It contains themes like forestry, animal breeding, sugar growing, sopil... No specific author is known, so it may well be reference work.

Zdroje hospodářského blahobytu: kniha pro každého kdo chce brzo a poctivě zbohatnout (B. Kočí 1906) pův. vazba, 910 stran. Témata jsou uspořádána abecedně A–Ž: cukrovarnictví, dobytek, lesní hospodářství, půda atd.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Vytřískat nový válečný živý materiál a vojensky uvědomělá sousta pro jícny děl, k tomu je třeba důkladných studií přírodopisu nebo knihy ,Zdroje hospodářského blahobytu’, vydané u Kočího, kde vyskytuje se na každé stránce slovo: dobytek, prase, svině.
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Korporal Althofnn flag
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Althof used the innovative swearing expression "You Engandin Goat" at the soldiers. This is a part of Mareks lecture to Švejk on the language employed by the lower rank officers.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] U 11. kompanie kaprál Althof používá slova: engadinská koza. Svobodník Müller, německý učitel z Kašperských Hor, nazývá nováčky českými smraďochy, šikovatel Sondernummer volskou žábou, yorkshirským kancem a slibuje přitom, že každého rekruta vydělá.
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Gefreiter Müllernn flag
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Müller was a lance corporal from Kašperské Hory, teacher in civilian life, who used to call the recruits Czech stinkbags.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] U 11. kompanie kaprál Althof používá slova: engadinská koza. Svobodník Müller, německý učitel z Kašperských Hor, nazývá nováčky českými smraďochy, šikovatel Sondernummer volskou žábou, yorkshirským kancem a slibuje přitom, že každého rekruta vydělá.
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Feldwebel Sondernummernn flag
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Sondernummer was a sergeant who used to address the recruits as Yorkshire boars and also promised to flay and stuff them.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] U 11. kompanie kaprál Althof používá slova: engadinská koza. Svobodník Müller, německý učitel z Kašperských Hor, nazývá nováčky českými smraďochy, šikovatel Sondernummer volskou žábou, yorkshirským kancem a slibuje přitom, že každého rekruta vydělá.
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Fähnrich Dauerling, Konradnn flag
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A book that Dauerling read but hardly absorbed

Dauerling is never part of the plot but is described by Marek as a particularly stupid and brutal ensign. He got a knock on his head when he was little and his mental horizon had suffered ever since.

According to Marek this made him perfectly suitable for a military career, and the fact that his father was a colonel pre-determined his destinty. He had attended Pionierkadettenschule Hainburg, where he again distinguished himself by gross stupidity, and when the war started he arrived at IR91 in Budějovice as an instructor. There he became notorious for his brutality towards the Czech recruits until one day major Wenzl had had enough and put a stop to this behaviour once and for all.

Background

This despicable ensign has in the secondary literature about Švejk never been associated with any particular real person, although his negative qualities (obviously caricatures) are surely borrowed from one or more officers that the author knew from his time in the k.u.k. Heer. The name Dauerling can not be traced in any known documents about IR91.

A possible inspiration is a certain captain Otto Wimmer who Jan Vaněk remembers as a madman who even pulled his horse to battalion report, tyrannised the soldiers of the march company until he was replaced by Rudolf Lukas. Later that summer Wimmer became commander of the 13th march battalion. Theyt arrived at the front on 15 August so from then on Jaroslav Hašek may again have had to deal with him. The connection between Dauerling and Wimmer is still only vague; there is for instance a great difference in rank between the two (without this necessarily have been seen as important by the author). The more likley prototype is therefore some younger officer.

The Good Soldier Švejk in Captivity

With respect to Dauerling it is of great interest to compare the novel with Dobrý voják Švejk v zajetí (1917) where Dauerling is assigned a more significant role. The author’s description of him is nearly identical to Marek’s version from the novel: accident as a child, malformed skull, exceptionally stupid and brutal, cadet school in Hainburg, had read Drill oder Erziehung (see Orth), rank Fähnrich etc. But thereafter there are big differences, and from Királyhida onwards Dauerling is the main character beside Švejk. He actually takes on part of the role Lukáš has in the novel. Our good soldier is his servant, the latter steals a dog for him, the affair with Kákonyi is there with similar details. But the comparison with Lukáš is limited to the situations and circumstances, and contrary to Lukáš, Dauerling remains an abject figure all the way until the pot is concluded at the front when he commands Švejk to shoot to injure him so he can get away from the fighting. The soldier ends up killing him, but the question whether or not it was intended is left open by the author …

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Quote from the novel
[2.2] Když vypukla válka a všecky mladičké kadetíky udělali fähnrichy, dostal se do archu hainburských povýšenců i Konrád Dauerling a tak se dostal k 91. regimentu.“Jednoroční dobrovolník si oddechl a vypravoval dál: „Vyšla nákladem ministerstva vojenství kniha ,Drill oder Erziehung’, ze které vyčetl Dauerling, že na vojáky patří hrůza. Podle stupňů hrůzy že má též výcvik úspěch.
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Also written:Konrád Dauerling cz

Feldmarschall Conrad von Hötzendorf, Franz Xaver Josephnn flag
*11.11.1852 Penzing - †25.8.1925 Bad Mergentheim
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Conrad in 1915.

Conrad is mentioned in connection with Dauerling who recited parts of Conrad's infamous quote: Die Soldaten müssen sowieso krepieren. (Soldiers must peg out anyway).

The authenticity of this quote has not been verified. It should also be noted that Conrad obtained the rank Field Marshall only in 1916, so Marek was looking well into the future during this dialogue with Švejk that logically must have taken place in 1915.

Conrad reappears during Biegler's dream on the train to Budapest. There is a picture of him on the wall of K.u.k. Gottes Hauptquartier. Here he is referred to as Chief of General Staff.

Background

Conrad was an Austrian Field Marshal who was Chief of Staff at K.u.k. Generalstab when war broke out in 1914. He was known for his aggressive stance in foreign policy matters and advocated preventive warfare as a solution to the "Serbian question". He was head of the general staff until 1 March 1917, when the new emperor Karl I. dismissed him. Conrad is seen by many as carrying a major responsibility for the disastrous policies that led to the outbreak of World War I.

Dobrý voják Švejk v zajetí

"Die Tschechen müssen so wie so krepieren." To řekl též polní maršálek Conrad z Hötzendorfu počátkem ledna roku 1916 před 8. pěší divizí v Inšpruku.

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Quote from the novel
[2.2] Jednou, když rozbil oko jednomu rekrutovi, vyjádřil se: ,Pah, was für Geschichte mit einem Kerl, muß so wie so krepieren.’ To říkal též polní maršálek Konrád z Hötzendorfu: ,Die Soldaten müssen so wie so krepieren.’
[3.1] Uprostřed pokoje, ve kterém po stěnách visely podobizny Františka Josefa a Viléma, následníka trůnu Karla Františka Josefa, generála Viktora Dankla, arcivévody Bedřicha a šéfa generálního štábu Konráda z Hötzendorfu, stál pán bůh.
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Also written:Konrád z Hötzendorfu Hašek

Hauptmann Adamičkann flag
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Adamička was an unusually apathetic captain at the garrison in Budějovice. Marek tells Švejk about him when they are locked up together, and how Adamička avoids dealing with the brutality of Dauerling. Marek also reveals that Captain Adamička has already been sent to the front, and in his shoes stepped major Wenzl who put Dauerling firmly in his place.

Background

The officer Josef Adamička from IR91 without doubt served as the prototype of Hašek's captain Adamička.

Source: Radko Pytlík

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „To bylo za hejtmana Adamičky, to byl člověk úplně apatický. Když seděl v kanceláři, tu se obyčejně díval do prázdna jako tichý blázen a měl takový výraz, jako by chtěl říct: ,Sežerte si mě, mouchy.’ Při batalionsraportu bůhví na co myslel. Jednou se hlásil k batalionsraportu voják od 11. kumpanie se stížností, že ho nazval fähnrich Dauerling na ulici večer českým prasetem. Byl to v civilu knihař, uvědomělý národní dělník.
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Major Wenzlnn flag
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Franz Wenzel, first on the right.
Obrana lidu, 15 January 1972

Wenzl was a major at the garrison in Budějovice, who replaced captain Adamička when the latter was sent to the front due to his alleged sense of justice. Wenzl was the one that finally put fähnrich Dauerling in his place. Major Wenzl had a Czech wife so his greatest fear was disputes between the nationalities. He also hated lower rank officers after an unfortunate episode years ago, when being drunk at a hotel in Kutná Hora. Wenzl held the rank of captain in Kutná Hora so he had obviously been promoted since. He only appears directly in the plot once, in a conversation with Schröder and Ságner at the hotel in Budějovice.

In Királyhida his name reappears but this time he does not take part in the plot. He is mentioned during Švejk and Lukáš' episode with Wenzl's servant Mikulášek. The author provides some additional information: Wenzl had showed himself utterly incompetent by the Drina, he had ordered the destruction of a pontoon bridge whilst half his battalion was stuck on the other side of the river. Here in Királyhida he was getting back on his feet; he had been assigned administrative duties, and was also commander of the camp's shooting range. Wenzl is seemingly not part of Švejk's march battalion and disappears from the story before their departure to the front.

Wenzl is introduced also in Dobrý voják Švejk v zajetí and plays a very similar role. At times the text of the two books is nearly identical.

Background

The prototype of major Wenzl was no doubt Franz Wenzel, a professional officer from Liberec.

Source: Bohumil Vlček, ÖSTA

Quote from the novel
[2.2] O tom hejtmanovi Adamičkovi se pak říkalo, že má smysl pro spravedlnost, milý kamaráde, tak ho poslali do pole a namístě něho přišel sem major Wenzl. A to byl čertův syn, pokud se týkalo národnostních štvanic, a ten zaťal tipec fähnrichovi Dauerlingovi. Major Wenzl má za manželku Češku a má největší strach z národnostních sporů.
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Kadetstellvertreter Zítkonn flag
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Zítko was a reserve cadet from the school of one-year volunteers in Kutná Hora. He had gone to the press with the story about captain Wenzl having insulted a Czech waiter when drunk. The two had been enemies since Zítko had uttered something along these lines at a party where Wenzl was present: "What is any captain compared to the splendour of nature? The same nobody as any kadetstellvertreter".

Quote from the novel
[2.2] ,Stačí,’ povídal kadetstellvertreter Zítko, ,zamyslit se nad tím, co je každý hejtman proti velebné přírodě. Stejná nula jako každý kadetstellvertreter.’ Poněvadž všichni vojenští páni byli tenkrát namazaní, chtěl hejtman Wenzl nešťastného filosofa Zítka zmlátit jako koně, a nepřátelství toto se stupňovalo a hejtman sekýroval Zítka, kde mohl, tím víc, poněvadž výrok kadetstellvertretera Zítka stal se pořekadlem. ,Co je hejtman Wenzl proti velebné přírodě?’ to znali po celé Kutné Hoře.
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Mlíčkonn flag
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Mlíčko was a carpenter from Vávrova třída who was the first war wounded from his regiment. Someone tore off his wooden leg and whacked him on his head with during a brawl at Apollo. All this is according to a story Švejk tells Marek in the arrest in Budějovice.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „O velkej stříbrnej medalii za udatnost, kterou dostal jeden truhlář z Vávrovy ulice na Král. Vinohradech, nějakej Mlíčko, poněvadž byl první, kterému u jeho regimentu utrh na začátku války granát nohu
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Postkarte Kanonýr Jabůrek. Verlag: M. Schultz, Prag 1914 (ÖNB)

jaburek2.png

Národní Listy, 14.2.1886

Jabůrek was an artilleryman Marek and Švejk sang about in the cell in Budějovice. The singing provoked a visit from the officer on guard-duty, lieutenant Pelikán. The refrain of the song is accuratly reproduced in the novel, fragments of verse 12 less so.

Background

Kanonýr Jabůrek was a figure from a song story (cantastoria) Udatný rek kanonýr Jabůrek which had its background from the Austro-Prussian war of 1866. It is unclear whether it had any factual foundation, but in any case it appeared as a parody around 1884. Jabůrek took part in the deciding battle by Hradec Králové on 3 July 1866. He keeps loading his cannon even as his limbs and other parts of the body are torn off, until his head is blown off and it reports to the general that he is no longer able to salute. The song is written in colloquial Czech.

The first verse of the song was printed on a postcard from 1914, but in formal written Czech. It was part of a series of patriotic songs issued on post-cards in Prague after outbreak of war. Why this obviously satirical song was included in the collection begs a good answer. In 1986 Franz Hiesel made a radio play based on the song. It was broadcast both in West Germany (WDR) and Austria (ORF). Over the years the cannoneer has been mentioned many times of times in the Czech press.

a u kanonu stál
a pořád ládoval
a u kanonu stál
a furt jen ládoval

Links

SourceJaroslav Šerák, Hans-Peter Laqueur

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Tak mně připadá,“ řekl jednoroční dobrovolník po krátké pomlčce, „že duch vojenský v nás upadá, navrhuji, milý příteli, abychom v noční tmě, v tichu našeho vězení si zazpívali o kanonýrovi Jabůrkovi.
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Also written:Kanonier Jabůrek de Cannoneer Jabůrek en Kanonér Jabůrek no

Leutnant Pelikán, Františeknn flag
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Pelikán was a lieutenant and reserve officer, mathematician in civilian life. He knew Marek and helped the two prisoners with cigarettes.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „To je profous,“ řekl jednoroční dobrovolník, „jde s ním lajtnant Pelikán, který má dnes službu. Je to reservní důstojník, můj známý z ,České besedy’, v civilu je matematikem v jedné pojišťovně. Od toho dostaneme cigarety. Řveme jen dál.“
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Oberleutnant Kretschmannnn flag
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Kretschmann was a senior lieutenant which at the hotel in Budějovice related to his officer colleagues how he had witnessed an attack on Serbian positions. He had returned returned from Serbia with a sore leg after having been gored by a cow.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Zatímco jednoroční dobrovolník pronášel zdrcující kritiku poměrů v kasárnách, plukovník Schröder seděl v hotelu ve společnosti důstojníků a poslouchal, jak nadporučík Kretschmann, který se vrátil ze Srbska s bolavou nohou (trkla ho kráva), vypravoval, jak se díval od štábu, ku kterému byl přidělen, na útok na srbské posice:
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Spíro was a captain who at the hotel in Budějovice reeled off the most incoherent of observations. Banging his fist on the table, he concluded: "the Land Defense serves the land in peacetime".

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Hejtman Spíro udeřil pěstí do stolu. „Zeměbrana vykonává službu v zemi v čas míru.“
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Hauptmann Ságnernn flag
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Ságner was captain in IR91 and takes part in the plot from Budějovice until the very last section of the novel. He is actually the last person being mentioned. Later on it is revealed that he has a past as a Czech patriot but lets his career take preference. He had attended cadet school in Prague together with Lukáš (see Infanteriekadettenschule Prag). In general the author's attitude towards Ságner is fairly neutral.

Captain Ságner is first introduced by Marek but enters the plot soon after when the author relates from an officers party at a hotel in Budějovice. Marek also reveals that he was commander of the school for one-year volunteers in Budějovice.

In Királyhida he was appointed commander of Švejk's march battalion and led the unit until the end of the novel. Soon after departure he was severely embarrassed by cadet Biegler in the mix-up with the decryption keys involving the book by Ganghofer.

According to Rechnungsfeldwebel Vaněk, captain Ságner had served at the front in Montenegro, and had reportedly proved himself incompetent.

Background

The prototype of Ságner is no doubt the Austrian (from 1918 Czechoslovak) officer Čeněk Sagner. He was Hašek's battalion commander from 11 July to 24 September 1915, and before that they had served simultaneously in Budějovice and Királyhida.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „On skládá básničky,“ posměšně se ozval hejtman Ságner, „sotva přijel, tak se zamiloval do paní inženýrové Schreiterové, s kterou se setkal v divadle.“ Plukovník se zachmuřeně podíval před sebe: „Prý umí zpívat kuplety?“ „Už v kadetce nás velice bavil kuplety,“ odpověděl hejtman Ságner, „a anekdoty zná, jedna radost. Proč nejde mezi nás, nevím.“
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Schreiterová was an engineers' wife which Lukáš had fallen in love with after meeting her at the theatre in Budějovice.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] „On skládá básničky,“ posměšně se ozval hejtman Ságner, „sotva přijel, tak se zamiloval do paní inženýrové Schreiterové, s kterou se setkal v divadle.“
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Oberleutnant Danklnn flag
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Dankl was a senior lieutenant who used to entertain at the officers club by sticking a herrings tail up his bottom to do a mermaid performance. This is what colonel Schröder told when reminiscing about the good old days.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] Jeden, pamatuji se, nějaký nadporučík Dankl, ten se svlékl do naha, lehl si na podlahu, zastrčil si do zadnice ocas ze slanečka a představoval nám mořskou pannu.
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Leutnant Schleisnernn flag
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Schleisner was a lieutenant who could wiggle his ears, whinny like a stallion, miaow like a cat and hum like a bumblebee. Again it is colonel Schröder remembering the old days.

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[2.2] Jiný zas, poručík Schleisner, uměl střihat ušima a řičet jako hřebec, napodobovat mňoukání koček a bzučení čmeláka.
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Hauptmann Skodaynn flag
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Skoday was a captain who brought to the officers club three girls he had trained like dogs. There they engaged in debauched forms of entertainment. Schröder remembers this with joy as he thniks back of the old days.

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[2.2] Pamatuji se také na hejtmana Skodayho. Ten vždy, když jsme chtěli, přivedl do kasina holky, byly to tři sestry, a měl je nacvičené jako psy. Postavil je na stůl a ony se začaly před námi obnažovat do taktu. Měl takovou malou taktovku, a všechna čest, kapelník byl znamenitý. A co s nimi prováděl na pohovce! Jednou dal přinést vanu s teplou vodou doprostřed místnosti a my jeden po druhém museli jsme se s těma holkama vykoupat a on nás vyfotografoval.“
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Einjährigfreiwilliger Mareknn flag
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Marek was a fat one-year volunteer who Švejk met for the first time in the garrison arrest at Mariánská kasárna in Budějovice. They shared a cell for three days and entertained themselves hugely. Marek is the first person in the novel who is an outspoken opponent of the war.

Marek appears regularly throughout the rest of the novel, but rarely in such a prominent role as here. His real name is only revealed when he goes on report, so far he had been referred to as "the fat one-year volunteer". He had been arrested after knocking the cap off an artillery officer by mistake, which led to the discovery that he had forged the hospital sick book to get away from the barracks and take part in the nocturnal delights of the southern Czech metropolis. For this he got 21 days severe and subsequent kitchen service. This suited him perfectly, it was far better to peel potatoes than to be commanded to attack under enemy fire with his trousers full.

He re-appears in Királyhida in the cell with Švejk og Vodička because he has refused to clean the latrines. In Budapest he is finally released and becomes Battallionsgeschichteschreiber, a duty he fulfills honourably: he writes the history of the batallion in advance. Marek is from then on part of the story all the way to the final pages of the novel.

Background

Marek has many traits in common with the author. From a purely biographical point of view, these are: one year volunteer, stay in the military hospital in Budějovice, imprisioned in the garrison arrest, editor of the "Animal World" who invented new animals. On ideas and personal qualities, these fit: hatred of the monarchy and its institutions, anti-war attitudes, glittering rhetoric, unusually good memory and grasp of detail. It is also obvious that Marek is a mouthpiece for Jaroslav Hašek's own political views.

It is very likely that the name is borrowed from Karel Marek, a friend of Hašek.

Quote from the novel
[2.2] A právě takovým hlasem pronesl plukovník: „Jednoroční dobrovolník Marek odsuzuje se: jednadvacet dní verschärft a po odpykání trestu do kuchyně škrábat brambory.“ ... A lump Marek stál vedle Švejka a tvářil se úplně spokojeně. Lépe to už s ním dopadnout nemohlo. Je rozhodně lepší škrábat v kuchyni brambory, modelovat blbouny a obírat žebro než řvát s plnými kaťaty pod uraganním ohněm nepřítele: „Einzelnabfallen! Bajonett auf!“
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Index Back Forward II. At the front Hovudpersonen

2. Švejk's budějovická anabasis


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