Hovudpersonen

The Good Soldier Švejk

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Map of Austria-Hungary in 1914. The itinerary of Jaroslav Šerák took place entirely within the borders of the Dual Monarchy.

The Fateful Adventures of the Good Soldier Švejk is a novel which contains a wealth of geographical references - either directly through the plot, in dialogues or in the authors own observations. HAJ: was himself unusually well travelled and had a photographic memory of geographical (and other) details. It is evident that he put great emphasis on this: 8 of the 27 chapter headlines in Švejk contain place names.

This web page will in due course contain a full overview of all the geographical references in the novel; from Prague in the introduction to Klimontów in the unfinished Book Four. Countries, cities, towns, villages, mountains, oceans, lakes, rivers, islands, buildings are included. Note that from 14 September 2013, institutions (including pubs) have been moved to the new 'Institutions' page. The list is sorted according to the order in which the names appear through the novel. The chapter headlines are from Zenny K. Sadlon's recent translation and will in most cases differ from Cecil Parrott's version from 1973.

  • The facts are mainly taken from Internet sources but cross-verified when possible
  • The quotes in Czech are copied from the online version of sv: provided by Jaroslav Šerák and contain links to the relevant chapter
  • The toolbar has links for direct access to Wikipedia, Google maps, Google search, svejkmuseum.cz and Švejk online

The names are coloured according to their role in the novel, illustrated by these examples: Sanok as a location where the plot takes place, Dubno mentioned in the narrative, Zagreb as part of a dialogue, and Pakoměřice as mentioned in an anecdote.

IMG The Good Soldier Švejk index of places mentioned in the novel (564) Show all
IMG I. In the rear
IMG II. At the front
IMG III. The famous thrashing
Index Back Forward I. In the rear Hovudpersonen

2. The good soldier Švejk at police headquarters

Holicenn flag
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Holice was the home of a farmer who was the victim of a failed robbery and murder. The attacker was one of the six who was locked up with Švejk at Policejní ředitelství. He kept away from the other prisoners to avoid being suspected of having committed a political crime.

Background

Holice is a small town in the Pardubice district of Eastern Bohemia.

Ottova encyklopedie

Město v Čechách nad Ředickým potokem, v hejt. pardubickém, sídlo okr. soudu a berního úřadu, má farní kostel sv. Martina bisk. (z r. 1738), 5tř. a 4tř. školu obec. a 3tř. měšť. pro chl. a dív., pš., teleg., obč. a okr. hospodář. záložnu, cukrovar, cihelnu, výrobu hospodář. strojů, 6 továren na obuv, výrobu kopyt a desk do obuvi, továrnu na ceresin, mazadla a voskové zboží; nad městem pěkný hřbitov »na Kostelíku« s kaplí, nedaleko lázně »pod Javorkou«. Holice děłí se na [Holice] Nové s 323 d., 2354 obyv. č., 5 n. a Holice Staré s 303 d., 1885 ob. č. (1890).

Links

Quote from the novel
„Kvůli Sarajevu!“, „kvůli Ferdinandovi!“, „kvůli té vraždě na panu arcivévodovi!“, „pro Ferdinanda!“, „za to, že pana arcivévodu odpravili v Sarajevu!“ Šestý, který se těch pěti stranil, řekl, že s nimi nechce nic mít, aby na něho nepadlo nijaké podezření, on že tu sedí jen pro pokus loupežné vraždy na pantátovi z Holic.
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Also written:Holitz de

Řetězová ulicenn flag
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Řetězová ulice in the guise of Café Montmartre was where a fat owner of a paper shop had been observed drunk by detective Brixi in the company of two Serb students. This led directly to the cell at Policejní ředitelství.

Background

Řetězová ulice is a street right in the centre of Prague, next to the current tourist track. Café Montmartre was at the time located here, and is now (2010) open again on the same premises.

Links

Quote from the novel
Výjimku dělal neobyčejně tlustý pán s brýlemi, s uplakanýma očima, který byl zatčen doma ve svém bytě, poněvadž dva dny před atentátem v Sarajevu platil „U Brejšky“ za dva srbské studenty, techniky, útratu a detektivem Brixim byl spatřen v jejich společnosti opilý v „Montmartru“ v Řetězové ulici, kde, jak již v protokole potvrdil svým podpisem, též za ně platil.
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Also written:Kettengasse de

Hodkovičkynn flag
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Hodkovičky was where the chairman of the local charity Spolek Dobromil was unlucky with his statements as the police arrived to ask them to stop the festivities as Austria was in a state of sorrow. The chairman ended up in the cell at Policejní ředitelství with Švejk and the other conspirators.

Background

Hodkovičky is a district on the southern outskirst of Prague and part of Prague IV. Hodkovičky was in 1914 still a village in okres Vinohrady. It became part of the capital in 1949.

Ottova encyklopedie

Ves na pr. bř. Vltavy, hejt. a okr. Kr. Vinohrady, fara Modřany, pš. Bráník; 39 d., 269 ob. č. (1890), kaple sv. Bartoloměje, telegra žel. stan. rak. st. dr. (Praha-Modřany), stan, pražské paroplavby (Praha-Štěchovice); popl. dvůr Fr. a Marie Tomášů, letohrádky, zelinářství.

Quote from the novel
Třetí spiklenec byl předseda dobročinného spolku „Dobromil“ v Hodkovičkách. V den, kdy byl spáchán atentát, pořádal „Dobromil“ zahradní slavnost spojenou s koncertem. Četnický strážmistr přišel, aby požádal účastníky, by se rozešli, že má Rakousko smutek, načež předseda „Dobromilu“ řekl dobrácky: „Počkají chvilku, než dohrajou ,Hej, Slované’.“
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Londonnn flag
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London is a side-theme when one of Švejk's inmates at Policejní ředitelství states that no assasinations interest him whatsoever, be it in Prague, Vienna, Sarajevo or London.

Background

London was in 1914 not only capital of England but also the vast British Empire. The declaration of war against Germany on 4 August 1914 and against Austria-Hungary on 12 August were issued from here. The city was from 1915 onwards exposed to German air raids and 670 were killed. Counting the fallen soldiers, the losses reached 124,000. Other references connected to London in the novel are: Edward Grey and the magazine Country Life.

Quote from the novel
„Mne vůbec žádná vražda nezajímá, ať je třebas v Praze, ve Vídni, v Sarajevu nebo v Londýně. Od toho jsou úřady, soudy a policie. Jestli někde někoho zabijou, dobře mu tak, proč je trouba a tak neopatrný, že se dá zabít.“
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Also written:Londýn cz

Záběhlicenn flag
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zabehlice.jpg

Záběhlice in 1917

Záběhlice is mentioned in an anecdote by Švejk where the question of guilt is on the agenda. Švejk "encouraged" his cell-mates with the fact that Jesus Christ was also innocent, but was sentenced nevertheless, just like the hapless gypsy in Záběhlice.

Background

Záběhlice is an urban area in south-eastern Prague which has been part of the capital since 1922. During the time of Jaroslav Hašek it was still a minor town.

Links

Quote from the novel
Nebo ten nevinnej cikán v Záběhlicích, co se vloupal do toho hokynářskýho krámu na Boží hod vánoční v noci. Zapřísáh se, že se šel vohřát, ale nic mu to nepomohlo.
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Kočevjenn flag
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kocebrak.jpg

© Richard Ruppe

hula_kocevje.png

Břetislav Hůla

Kočevje is indirectly mentioned through the term Kočevje-basket. This is when a Bosnian entered Policejní ředitelství and was afraid to loose his basket.

Background

Kočevje is a town and region in southern Slovenia that gave rise to the Czech expression Kočevje-basket. It was a basket that pedlars wore on their chest, supported by a belt around the shoulder.

The area around Kočevje was for 600 years a German-speaking enclave, known as Gottschee. The language Gottscheerisch is classed as Oberbairisch (Upper Bavarian) but over the centuries in isolation it grew more and more distinct from its origin.

After devastation by the Turks around 1500, the impoverished inhabitants were given imperial privileges to trade in the neighbouring areas, and they eventually expanded their trade as far as Vienna and Prague, carrying their characteristic baskets. The pedlars from Gottschee became a regular occurrence across large parts of the Habsburg empire, particularly in winter. The trade started to suffer with the advance of the industrial revolution and better transport, but the final blow was the dissolution of Austria-Hungary, which left most of the Gottscheerer's markets behind the new national borders.

It seems that the term Kočevje basket is particular to the Czech language and to my knowledge no similar term exist in German. In Grete Reiner's translation of the novel, a footnote is added to explain the meaning of Gottscheerkorb. The generic term in German is Hausiererkorb (pedlar's basket). None of the three English translations convey the geographical origin of the term, and Paul Selvers's translation has no reference to the basket at all.

The dissolution of Austerrike­-Ungarn­ was only the first in a series of setbacks for the Gottschee community. They suffered severe discrimination in interwar Yugoslavia, and in 1941 a disaster hit the region: the still numerous Gottschee inhabitants were forcibly moved after an agreement between Hitler and Mussolini decided that Kočevje was to become part of Italy. In post-war Yugoslavia the language was even forbidden. Today the language is close to extinction; only scattered individuals in the USA, Austria, Slovenia and Germany master it. According to UNESCO Gottscheerisch is amongst the world's critically endangered languages.

Gottscheerkorb: Hausiererkorb: Viele Einwohner der Gottschee, einer Sprachinsel in Slowenien, zogen besonders im Winter als Wanderverkäufer durch die Länder der alten Monarchie. Grete Reiner

Ottova encyklopedie

Kočevje leží 460 m n. m., nedostatku vody a kamenitosti málo úrodná, mající celkem asi na 705 km2 25.000 většinou něm. obyvatel, kteří tak tvoří značný ostrov v živlu slovinském. Území to (několika ponornými říčkami a jeskyněmi-pěkná zejména ledová jeskyně Friedrichsteinská-památné) bývá zváno rovněž Kočevje nebo Kočevarsko, něm. Land Gottschee.

Links

Quote from the novel
Zatím přivedli nové dva. Jeden z nich byl Bosňák. Chodil po komoře, skřípal zuby a každé jeho druhé slovo bylo: „Jeben ti dušu.“ Mučilo ho pomyšlení, že se mu na policejním ředitelství ztratí jeho kočebrácký košík.
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Also written:Gottschee de Cocevie it

Eliščin mostnn flag
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Eliščin most is mentioned in an anecdote by Svejk about how well prison inmates are treated nowadays. The story refers to Jan Nepomucký who is said to have been thrown off this bridge and drowned.

The body of the saint was in fact thrown off Karlův most. The bridge is mentioned again in Book Three, now by Lieutenant Dub who uses the formal Most císaře Františka Josefa I.

Background

Eliščin most was the colloquial name for Most císaře Františka Josefa I. across Vltava in the northern part of Prague. It was demolished in 1947 and in it's place the current Štefánikův most was built. Both the old and the new bridge were renamed several times, last in 1997.

Links

Quote from the novel
Nebo mu dali nohy do španělský boty a natáhli ho na žebřík, když se nechtěl přiznat, nebo mu pálili boky hasičskou pochodní, jako to udělali svatému Janu Nepomuckému. Ten prej řval při tom, jako když ho na nože bere, a nepřestal, dokud ho neshodili s Eliščina mostu v nepromokavým pytli.
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Also written:Eliška's bridge Parrott the Eliška bridge Sadlon Elisabethbrücke de

Golgothann flag
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Golgotha is handled symbolically by the author: Švejk bore his cross to his Golgotha in the third department of Policejní ředitelství.

Background

Golgotha was an execution ground outside Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified between two rebels. The name is a Greek form of the Arameic version of Gûlgaltâ, which means «skull», and the name might refer to natural formations that resemble a skull or a place where many skulls are found. Golgotha is believed to have been near Jerusalem, it's location has not been confirmed.

Quote from the novel
A tak, stoupaje po schodišti do III. oddělení k výslechu, Švejk nesl svůj kříž na vrchol Golgoty, sám ničeho nepozoruje o svém mučednictví.
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Also written:Golgota cz Golgatha de

Index Back Forward I. In the rear Hovudpersonen

2. The good soldier Švejk at police headquarters


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