Hovudpersonen

The Good Soldier Švejk

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Institutions

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The novel The Good Soldier Švejk refers to a number of institutions and firms, public as private. These have until 15 September 2013 been categorised as 'Places'. This only partly makes sense as this type of entity can not be always be accosiated with fixed geographical point, in the way that for instance cities, montains and rivers can. This new page contains military and civilian institutions (including army units, regiments etc), hotels, public houses, newspapers and magazines.

The line between this page and "Places" is blurred, but the idea with this section is to include entities that are not necessarily located on a fixed spot on earth. Therefore Prague and Vienna will still be found in the "Places" database, because these have constant co-ordinates. On the other hand institutions may change location: K.u.k. Heer and U kalicha are not unequivocal geographical terms so they will from now on appear on this page.

>> The Good Soldier Švejk index of institutions mentioned in the novel (174) Show all
>> I. In the rear
Index Back Forward I. In the rear Hovudpersonen

5. Švejk at the district police station in Salmova street

Emauzský klášternn flag
na Slovanech 320/1, Praha II
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The monastery at the turn of the century

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Address book 1907

Emauzský klášter is the place where a monk is supposed to have hung himself in a crucifix according to Švejk. This is a story he tells his unfortunate cell-mate at Salmova ulice police station, when the latter wants to hang himself.

The monastery is mentioned again in [I.9] as the place where Katz was baptised. The priest who christened him was páter Albán, see Schachleiter.

In [I.13] the monastery is mentioned for the third time, now by Švejk who tells Katz about a gardening assistant who worked there.

Background

Emauzský klášter is a Benedictine monastery in Prague, located south of Karlovo náměstí. It was founded by emperor Charles IV in 1347. The abovementioned Schachleiter served as abbot here from 1908 until 1918 and during the war part of the monastery was converted to a hospital for soldiers.

After the proclamation of Czechoslovak independence on 28 October 1918 the abbot and the German monks left the country after they were subjected to harassment from crowds and militia groups. This was caused by accusations in the press, one of them being that they spied for Germany.

The monastery was badly damaged during an allied bomb raid in 1945, and was reconstructed in a somewhat different style after the war. It was confiscated by both the Nazis (1941) and the Communists (1950) but was in 1990 returned to the Benedictine order.

Ottův slovník naučný

Slovany, též na Slovanech, klášter v Praze II., nyní obecně Emausy zvaný (viz G(Praha), OSN XX, strana 466), založen cís. Karlem IV. 1347 pro mnichy obřadu slovanského, povolané k nám z Přímoří. Je jedním z dokladů slovanského smýšlení Karlova, který chtěl takových slov. klášterů založiti více, „protože nám příbuzností a sladkostí přirozeného jazyka příjemni jsou”. V křížové chodbě jsou velmi pozoruhodné fresky z doby karolinské.

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Quote from the novel
[1.5] Ledaže byste se pověsil vkleče u pryčny, jako to udělal ten mnich v klášteře v Emauzích, co se oběsil na krucifixu kvůli jedný mladý židovce.
[I.9] Křtili ho slavnostně v Emauzích. Sám páter Albán ho na máčel do křtitelnice.
[I.13] "Tak si koupíme katechismus, pane feldkurát, tam to bude," řekl Švejk, "to je jako průvodčí cizinců pro duchovní pastýře. V Emauzích pracoval v klášteře jeden zahradnickej pomocník, ...

Also written:Emmaus Monastery en Emmauskloster de Cloître d'Emmaüs fr Emmausklosteret no

Bendlovkann flag
Fügnerovo nám. 1867/2, Praha II-Marie Bendová [1907]
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Břetislav Hůla, 1951

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© AHMP

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Národní politika, 3.11.1907

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Národní politika, 20.8.1910

Bendlovka is mentioned in a story Švejk "comforts" his cell-mate at the police station in Salmova ulice with. Švejk had once at Bendlovka slapped an undertaker, who had returned the compliment. The next day it was in the newspapers.

Background

Bendlovka is by near certainty a colloquial term for Bendova kavárna, a former entertainment establishment in Nové Město that Jaroslav Hašek knew well. In his explanations from 1951 Břetislav Hůla identifies it as a night-café in Sokolská ulice and is supported by Radko Pytlík who locates it to the corner of Sokolská and Fügnerovo náměstí. The location was next to Apollo, and on the opposite corner of the square was U Šolců, another of Hašek's favourite drinking holes.

Hašek and Bendovka

A well documented incident took place here 31 December 1908. According to police reports Jaroslav Hašek was involved in a brawl in the café during the small hours of the morning. He and Croatian technical student Rudolf Giunio refused to pay the bill, an argument erupted and glasses were broken. When the patrol-man Slepička arrived the humorist knocked the hat off his head so reinforcements were called. The two troublemakers were subsequently taken to the police station at Salmova ulice and were released the next morning.

Another brawl involving the author is recorded by his friend Gustav Roger Opočenský’s in his is book about Jaroslav Hašek (1948). It was written almost 40 years after the incident, but there is little reason to doubt the essence of the story: a clash between the author and some employee of a funeral agency erupted at Bendovka. It took place “in the small hours of one hot spring Saturday evening, a few years before the war”. This story has certain parallels to both the 1908 incident, but also to the passage in Švejk. Otherwise Opočenský writes that Bendova kavárna offered live music, the beer was cheap and poor, had marble tables, and was open until early in the morning. By the time he wrote his book the premises were occupied by some printing works.

Jaroslav Hašek devotes a story to Opočenský in his collection of tales about Strana mírného pokroku v mezích zákona and also here the night café is mentioned (as Bendova kavárna) and even in the same breath as Apollo. In another story the term v Bendlovce is used, exactly as in the novel. It seems to refer to a tavern (or at least a place where people met). Jaroslav Hašek had a few showdowns with an editor of České Slovo here. The editor was of “Mosaic confession”.

In the papers

Newspaper adverts confirm some of the information from Opočenský and also adds information about dancing arrangements. The café was operating at least from 1905 until the autumn of 1914, but an advert from that autumn shows that opening times were by now shortened, a common occurrence all over Austria-Hungary after the war broke out. There were some adverts seeking employees, but there were also items in the newspapers regarding thefts on the premises.

Links

SourceBřetislav Hůla, Radko Pytlík, Jaroslav Šerák

Quote from the novel
[1.5] Nebo v Bendlovce jsem dal jednou jednomu funebrákovi facku a on mně ji vrátil.
U mrtvolynn flag
Karlovo nám. 310/13, Praha II-Antonie Laadtová [1910]
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Picture from 1926

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Břetislav Hůla

U mrtvoly is mentioned in a story Svejk tells to "encourage" his fellow prisoner Salmova ulice police station. See Bendlovka.

Background

U mrtvoly has not been identified with certainty, but was in all probability a café at Karlovo náměstí, at the corner of Resslova ulice. The building which amongst others housed Pivovar U Šálků was demolished in 1939. There was a kavárna in the building, with entrance at Karlovo náměstí but the pictures do not reveal any name.

The address book from 1910 has an entry café "Rubáš" here and this gives a hint: "Rubáš" means "shroud" and "mrtvola" means "carcass/body". Břetislav Hůla states that U mrtvoly was a café opposite the technical college and this fits well. A newspaper article in Národní listy in 1922 reveals that it by then had been renamed Děvín, but no further information relating to this name has been found. Vilém Mrštík also mentions the place in his novel Santa Lucia from 1893.

Links

SourceBřetislav Hůla,Jaroslav Šerák

Quote from the novel
[1.5] Nebo když v kavárně „U mrtvoly“ rozbil ten pan rada dva tácky, myslíte, že ho šetřili? Byl taky na druhej den hned v novinách.

Also written:At the Corpse en Zum Leichnam de Ved Liket no

Strážnicenn flag
Ječná ul. 507/6, Praha II-K.u.k. Ärar [1910]
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Strážnice is briefly mentioned when Švejk is led onwards from the police station in Salmovská ulice. From the novel it is clear that the guard is on street level because Švejk was interrogated on the first floor and was taken down to the guard room before he was escorted onwards.

Background

Strážnice was the guard house at the police station at Salmovská ulice. It was located in the same building as the police station but the entrance was from Ječná ulice. See Policejní komisařství III..

Quote from the novel
[1.5] Ukloniv se uctivě, odcházel s policejním strážníkem dolů na strážnici a za čtvrt hodiny bylo již vidět na rohu Ječné ulice a Karlova náměstí Švejka v průvodu druhého policejního strážníka, který měl pod paždí objemnou knihu s německým nápisem „Arrestantenbuch“.

Also written:Guardroom en Wachstube de Vaktrom no

Index Back Forward I. In the rear Hovudpersonen

5. Švejk at the district police station in Salmova street


© 2009 - 2018 Jomar Hønsi Last updated: 19/8-2018