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The Good Soldier Švejk

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Map of Austria-Hungary in 1914. The itinerary of Jaroslav Šerák took place entirely within the borders of the Dual Monarchy.

The Fateful Adventures of the Good Soldier Švejk is a novel which contains a wealth of geographical references - either directly through the plot, in dialogues or in the authors own observations. HAJ: was himself unusually well travelled and had a photographic memory of geographical (and other) details. It is evident that he put great emphasis on this: 8 of the 27 chapter headlines in Švejk contain place names.

This web page will in due course contain a full overview of all the geographical references in the novel; from Prague in the introduction to Klimontów in the unfinished Book Four. Countries, cities, towns, villages, mountains, oceans, lakes, rivers, islands, buildings are included. Note that from 14 September 2013, institutions (including pubs) have been moved to the new 'Institutions' page. The list is sorted according to the order in which the names appear through the novel. The chapter headlines are from Zenny K. Sadlon's recent translation and will in most cases differ from Cecil Parrott's version from 1973.

  • The facts are mainly taken from Internet sources but cross-verified when possible
  • The quotes in Czech are copied from the online version of sv: provided by Jaroslav Šerák and contain links to the relevant chapter
  • The toolbar has links for direct access to Wikipedia, Google maps, Google search, svejkmuseum.cz and Švejk online

The names are coloured according to their role in the novel, illustrated by these examples: Sanok as a location where the plot takes place, Dubno mentioned in the narrative, Zagreb as part of a dialogue, and Pakoměřice as mentioned in an anecdote.

>> The Good Soldier Švejk index of places mentioned in the novel (578) Show all
>> I. In the rear
>> II. At the front
>> III. The famous thrashing
Index Back Forward IV. The famous thrashing continued Hovudpersonen

1. Švejk in the transport of russian prisoners of war

Hostýnnn flag
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Hostýn is mentioned in connection with the battle against the Mongols led by Jaroslav ze Šternberka, something Švejk reminds the Crimean tatar in the prisoner transport of.

Background

Hostýn is a mountain in Moravia, now a pilgrimage site.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Hm - znáš Jaroslava ze Šternberka? To jméno neznáš, ty kluku tatarská? Ten vám natřel prdel pod Hostýnem. To ste vod nás jeli, vy klucí tatarský, z Moravy svinským krokem. Vás ve vašich čítankách neučejí, jako nás to učívali. Znáš hostýnskou panenku Marii? To se ví, že neznáš - ta byla taky při tom, však voni vás, kluky tatarský, tady v zajetí pokřtějí.“
Dobromilnn flag
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dobromil.jpg

Dobromyl, July 2010

Dobromil is a place Švejk passed through in the transport of Russian prisoners of war between Felsztyn and Przemyśl.

Background

Dobromil is the Polish name of the town Добромиль (Dobromyl) in Galicia, now in the Lviv province in Ukraine, only a few kilometres from the border with Poland. It is on the railway line from Chyrów to Przemyśl. The town was until 1918 part of Austria-Hungary.

Links

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Tak měl Švejk neštěstí, že se nemohl dohovořiti s nikým, a s ostatními vlekli ho na Dobromil, odkud se měla spravovati dráha přes Přemyšl na Nižankovice. V Dobromilu, na etapě v kanceláři, jednoho po druhém zapisovali, což šlo velice ztěžka, poněvadž ze všech 300 zajatců, které do Dobromilu přihnali, nikdo nerozuměl ruštině šikovatele, který tam seděl za stolem a který se přihlásil kdysi, že umí rusky, a jako tlumočník vystupoval nyní ve východní Haliči.

Also written:Добромиль ua

Niżankowicenn flag
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Niżankowice is mentioned because the prisoners are going to repair the railway line between Przemyśl and Niżankowice.

Background

Niżankowice is the Polish name of the village Нижанковичі (Nyzhankovychi) in the Lviv oblast of the Ukraine, very close to the Polish border and Przemyśl.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Tak měl Švejk neštěstí, že se nemohl dohovořiti s nikým, a s ostatními vlekli ho na Dobromil, odkud se měla spravovati dráha přes Přemyšl na Nižankovice.

Also written:Nižankovice Hašek Нижанковичі ua

Pragann flag
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Praga is mentioned by the corporal who interrogates Švejk after he has been captured by Felsztyn. He mixes up Prague (in German Prag) and Praga.

Background

Praga is a district of Warszaw. Because the city was part of Russian Poland in 1914, the inhabitants were of course required to serve in the Russian armed forces. Praga is also the Polish name for Prague.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] „To nemusíš zapírat,“ pokračoval s určitostí šikovatel tlumočník, „každý z vás zajatců, který uměl německy, byl žid, a basta. Jak se jmenuješ? Švejch? Tak vidíš, co zapíráš, když máš takové židovské jméno? U nás se nemusíš bát přiznat se k tomu. U nás v Rakousku se nedělají pogromy na židy. Odkuď jsi? Aha, Prága, á to znám, to znám, to je u Varšavy. Taky jsem tu měl před týdnem dva židy z Prágy od Varšavy, a tvůj pluk, jaké má číslo? 91?“

Also written:Prága Hašek

Yerevannn flag
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jerevan.jpg

Yerevan around 1920

Yerevan is mentioned by the corporal who interrogates Švejk after he has been captured by Felsztyn. The 91st Russian regiment is supposed to have been from here.

Background

Yerevan is now the capital of Armenia, in 1914 still belonging to Russia. The city was from 1921 to 1991 part of the Soviet Union. The current population figure is just over one million.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Šikovatel vzal schematismus, listoval se v něm: „Jednadevadesátý pluk je eryvanský, Kavkaz, kádr má v Tiflisu, to koukáš, co, jak my tady všechno známe?“

Also written:Jerevan cz Eriwan de Ереван ru

Caucasusnn flag
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Caucasus is mentioned by the corporal who interrogates Švejk after he has been captured by Felsztyn.

Background

Caucasus is a geographical region on the border between Europe and Asia which also comprises the mountain range of the same name. Europe´s highest mountain, Elbrus is found here. The countries of the region are Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Šikovatel vzal schematismus, listoval se v něm: „Jednadevadesátý pluk je eryvanský, Kavkaz, kádr má v Tiflisu, to koukáš, co, jak my tady všechno známe?“

Also written:Kavkaz cz Кавказ ru

Tbilisinn flag
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Tbilisi is mentioned by the corporal who interrogates Švejk after he has been captured by Felsztyn.

Background

Tbilisi is now the capital of Georgia, in 1914 belonging to the Russian Empire. The city was from 1921 to 1991 part of the Soviet Union. The current population figure is just over one million.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Šikovatel vzal schematismus, listoval se v něm: „Jednadevadesátý pluk je eryvanský, Kavkaz, kádr má v Tiflisu, to koukáš, co, jak my tady všechno známe?“

Also written:Tiflis de Тбилиси ru

Židohoušťnn flag
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Židohoušť was where the priest Vobejda came from.

Background

Židohoušť has so far not been identified with certainty. It may be a mis-spelling of Živohoušť, at least translator Cecil Parrott made this assumption. This former village was flooded in 1954 when the Slapy dam was built across the Vltava.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] To u nás máme přeci lepší jména, jako ten farář v Židohoušti, kterej se jmenoval Vobejda.“
Lubaczównn flag
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Lubaczów is mentioned because the prisoners are to repaire the railway line between Przemyśl and Lubaczów.

Background

Lubaczów is a town north of Przemyśl near the Ukrainian border.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Časně ráno změnilo vojenské stavební velitelství disposice a usneslo se, že ona skupina zajatců, ve které byl Švejk, bude dopravena přímo do Přemyšlu k obnovení trati Přemyšl-Lubaczów.

Also written:Любачів ua

Przemyślnn flag
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przemysl.jpg

Przemyśl 4.7.2015

przemysl3.png

Kurjer Lwowski, 23.3.1915 (10.3)

przemysl.png

Prager Abendblatt, 4.6.1915

Przemyśl is pivotal to the action in Book Four after Švejk was taken prisoners by his fellow soldiers after having put on a Russian uniform. More than two chapter is dedicated to the city - only Prague and Bruck an der Leitha (with Királyhida) are given more space in the novel.

As part of the prisoner transport Švejk is escorted to one of the destroyed forts in the inner ring of fortifications, and is accommodated in some abandoned stables. Here major Wolf soon discovers that Švejk is Czech and wants to hang him immediately, but is wish is resisted by a colleague. The two officers argue intensely as the escort the prisoner to the main guard. Then they continue to the garrison where the good soldier is locked up in a former rice store and where he stays overnight surrounded by mice and vermin.

In the morning a provocateur is placed in the cell. He produces false testimonies against Švejk and tells that they met in Kiev. The next day the good soldier is brought before a tribunal headed by the blood-thirsty garrison commander general Fink - a group that consists of several officers, amongst them the Czech-speaking major Derwota. The latter has a certain leaning towards legal procedures and justice, and convinces the others to send a telegram to the brigade to enquire about Švejk. After the interrogation the accused is moved to the garrison prison and is given spiritual consolation by field chaplain Martinec, and in the end the dead drunk major Derwota ends up in the cell with the prisoner. In the morning the telegram from the brigade arrives and indeed confirms who Švejk is, and ask for him to be handed over. Thus general Fink has to let go of the expected summary execution. Švejk is placed on the train and escorted to brigade staff in Wojutycze.

The author also deals with the immorality, corruption and brutality at the garrison. "Nurses" were employed with the sole purpose of satisfying the officers - on top at that embezzlement, drunkenness and debauchery. Even the previously so pious field chaplain Martinec gets embroiled in these undertakings.

Background

Przemyśl is a city in the south-west corner of current Poland. Under Austria-Hungary it was an important fortress and garrison city, and also the seat of the 10th army corps. Then as now it was connected with railways to Kraków and Lwów, the two biggest cities in Galicia.

The city was in Austrian times the centre of an extensive system of fortifications. The outer ring of forts measured 45 km. There was also an inner ring of fortifications around the city itself. Przemyśl was in 1914 one of the 10 largest fortresses in Europe and became world famous during the sieges of autumn 1914 and spring 1915. The second siege of Przemyśl was the longest lasting operation of its kind of the whole war.

On 17 September 1914 the Russians reached the outer fortifications and by the 26th the city was encircled. This first siege was broken as the Russian army failed in the attempt to take the city by a frontal attack and lifted the siege on 11 October. In early November a new offensive started and the 8th the fortress was again encircled. This time the attackers used a different tactic; they waited for the defenders to run out of supplies. The fortress was finally forced to surrender on 22 March 1915, and the nearly 120,000 defenders were taken prisoners of war. These were mostly Hungarians, commanded by general Kusmanek.

During the Central Power's offensive in May 1915, Przemyśl came under siege again and in the early hours of 3 June their forces reached the city. Logically Švejk's appearance must therefore have occurred soon after (he was in Budapest on 23 May). One of the writers that witnessed (and wrote about) the recapture was Ganghofer. Around this time major general Gustav Stowasser was named commander of the garrison, but the fortress had now lost its military importance and the garrison was reduced to a few battalions.

Manewry Szwejkowskie
przemysl4.jpg

Sanocka brama, 3.7.2015

Przemyśl hosts the only regular Švejk-related event in the world. Fans of the good soldier congregate from all over Poland and often also from the Czech Republic and the Ukraine. In July 2015 the 18th manoeuvres took place, and as usual it was a two day event attended by around 100 people. On 4 July a new museum was officially opened at Sanocka brama. On the city's main square there has since 2006 been a statue of Švejk, sitting on a munition crate. A small street is named in honour of the soldier.

Ludwig Ganghofer. Przemysl, 5. Juni 1915

Immer neue Soldatenzüge klirren in die Stadt herein, Reiter mit wehenden Fähnchen an den Lanzen, österreichische Dragoner und ungarische Husaren, rasselnde Geschütze und knatternde Kolonnenreihen. Von der Menge der Truppen und Wagen stauen sich alle Straßen voll. Und wo in der schwülen Mittagssonne nur ein bisschen Schatten ist, da legen sich die Müdgewordenen auf das Pflaster hin und warten geduldig, bis an sie die Reihe kommt mit Quartier und Kost.

Links

Source: Grzegorz Karnas, Dariusz Hop

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Potom je přejímal major Wolf, vládnoucí tou dobou nad všemi zajatci pracujícími na opravách v pevnosti Přemyšlu a okolí. To byl důkladný člověk. Měl u sebe celý štáb tlumočníků, kteří vybírali ze zajatců specialisty ku stavbám podle jejich schopností a předběžného vzdělání.
[1.14.4] Švejk posadil se na lavici ve vratech a vykládal, že v bitevní frontě karpatské se útoky vojska ztroskotaly, na druhé straně však že velitel Přemyšlu, generál Kusmanek, přijel do Kyjeva a že za námi zůstalo v Srbsku jedenáct opěrných bodů a že Srbové dlouho nevydrží utíkat za našimi vojáky.

Also written:Přemyšl cz Перемишль ua

Milatynnn flag
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milatyn.jpg

Das Infanterieregiment Nr.91 am Vormarsch in Galizien

Milatyn is mentioned because professor Masaryk was unaware of the dangers lurking between Sokal, Milatyn and Bubnów.

Background

Milatyn is the Polish name of the village Милятин (Myliatyn) in the Volyn province in Ukraine. IR91 with Jaroslav Hašek marched past this place on 28 August 1915 during the Central Powers advance onto Russian territory that autumn. Milatyn is located by the river Strypa, right on the former border between Austria-Hungary and Russia.

Source: Jaroslav Křížek, VHA

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Neznalo ještě nic určitého o revolučních organisacích v cizině a teprve v srpnu na linii Sokal - Milijatin - Bubnovo obdrželi velitelé batalionů důvěrné reserváty, že bývalý rakouský profesor Masaryk utekl za hranice, kde vede proti Rakousku propagandu.

Also written:Milijatin Hašek Milatyn pl Милятин ua

Bubnównn flag
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Bubnów is mentioned because professor Masaryk was unaware of the dangers lurking between Sokal, Milatyn and Bubnów.

Background

Bubnów is the Polish name of the village Бубнів (Bubniv) in the Volyn province in the Ukraine. As there are several places with this name in the country, there is some uncertainty involved, but the the mentioned place seems very likely due to it's location just north of Sokal in an area that Jaroslav Hašek knew well (he was stationed nearby for nearly four weeks in August 1915). The author's statement that the front went here at the time is also correct.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Neznalo ještě nic určitého o revolučních organisacích v cizině a teprve v srpnu na linii Sokal - Milijatin - Bubnovo obdrželi velitelé batalionů důvěrné reserváty, že bývalý rakouský profesor Masaryk utekl za hranice, kde vede proti Rakousku propagandu.

Also written:Bubnovo Hašek Бубнів ua

Milannn flag
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Milan is the mentioned in the anecdote Švejk uses against the spy who enters his cell in Przemyśl.

Background

Milan is Italy's seconds largest city and capital of the region of Lombardy. The city was more or less permanently under Habsburg from 1525 up to the battle of Solferino i 1859.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Všechny lidi, který potkával na ulici, viděl buď na nádraží v Miláně, nebo s nimi seděl ve Štýrským Hradci v radničním sklepě při víně.

Also written:Milán cz Mailand de Milano it

Berounkann flag
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Berounka is mentioned in the anecdote Švejk during interrogation in Przemyśl, where his message is that it is possible to end up in other peoples clothes.

Background

Berounka is a river which empties into the Vltava near Zbraslav, 10 km south of Prague city centre. Elva har kjelder så langt vest som i Bavaria og renn austover. Lengda er godt over 100 km.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] „Vím, vod 91. regimentu mne už jistě hledají, ale jestli dovolíte, pane majore, malou poznámku vo tom, jak se lidi dobrovolně převlíkají do cizích šatů. Roku 1908 někdy v červenci koupal se knihař Božetěch z Příčný ulice v Praze na Zbraslavi ve starým rameni Berounky.

Also written:Beraun de

Dobříšnn flag
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Dobříš is mentioned in the anecdote Švejk during interrogation in Przemyśl, where his message is that it is possible to end up in other peoples clothes.

Background

Dobříš is a town in okres Příbram in Central Bohemia, with 8,597 inhabitants at the 2009 count. The town was previously known for its glove factory and also has a chateau.

In 1983 Dobříš hosted a large conference on Jaroslav Hašek in connection with the 100th anniversary of the author's birth. The participants were with few exceptions from Warszaw Pact countries. Bamberg hosted a "competing" conference where participants came from the rest of the world, including a large number of Czechoslovaks in exile.

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Nemusejí se bát vlézt do nich. Vodvšivený jsou před tejdnem u okresu v Dobříši. Podruhý si dají lepší pozor na toho, s kým se koupají. Ve vodě vypadá každej nahej člověk jako poslanec, a je to třeba vrah.
Chuchlenn flag
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chuchle.jpg

Velká Chuchle 1916

Chuchle is mentioned because the gendarmerie patrol from here arrested bookbinder Josef Božetěch, dressed in a tramps clothes.

Background

Chuchle is a place south of Prague, now within the city boundaries, between Braník and Zbraslav. It is mostly used as a common term for the suburbs Velká Chuchle and Malá Chuchle.

Links

Quote from the novel
[4.1] Vyhýbal se okresní silnici a šel přes luka po pěšinkách a setkal se s četnickou patrolou z Chuchle, která vandráka zatkla a odvedla druhého dne ráno na Zbraslav k okresnímu soudu, neboť to by moh říct každý, že je Josef Božetěch, knihař z Příčný ulice v Praze, čís. 16.“
Index Back Forward IV. The famous thrashing continued Hovudpersonen

1. Švejk in the transport of russian prisoners of war


© 2009 - 2018 Jomar Hønsi Last updated: 16/1-2019